The Ahwahnee Hotel is the flagship National Park lodge at Yosemite National Park, designed with a blend of rustic architecture and luxury. It’s a National Historic Landmark that was designed by architect Gilbert Stanley Underwood. The Ahwahnee was temporarily renamed the Majestic Yosemite Hotel three years ago due to a legal dispute between the National Park Service and the former park concessionaire, Delaware North, which had purchased the Yosemite Park & Curry Company, the original builder of the hotel.
Before we get into the photo tour, let’s start with some good news! On July 16, 2019, the National Park Service announced that the Majestic Yosemite Hotel name that has been in use for a few years due to ongoing litigation will be retired and the historic hotel will restore its original name of the Ahwahnee.
This is great news for National Parks fans, as the Ahwahnee is the hotel’s original name, dating back to 1927. The settlement comes roughly three years after litigation between Delaware North and the National Park Service began. Thankfully, also established in this settlement is the fact that the Ahwahnee’s name will transfer to Yosemite National Park’s next concessionaire at no cost, thus avoiding the same problem in the future…
The location of the Ahwahnee Hotel was chosen because of its excellent views of Yosemite National Park icons, including Half Dome, Yosemite Falls, and Glacier Point.
The Ahwahnee is an excellent example of “parkitecture,” a unique style generally found in National Park lodges. I write “generally” because parkitecture has since become popular outside of the National Parks, with other companies seeking to capitalize on the popularity of this style by imitating it.
Perhaps the best imitator of this style is Disney, which has utilized parkitecture in three separate locations: Disney’s Grand Californian Hotel & Spa (located at Disneyland Resort in California), Disney’s Wilderness Lodge (located at Walt Disney World in Florida), and Disney’s Sequoia Lodge (located at Disneyland Paris Resort in France).
If you know me, you know I’m a huge Disney fan; this new series of posts we’ll be doing called “Designing Disney” will take a look at real-world locations we’ve visited that have inspired Disney’s Imagineers. If you’re not a Disney fan, don’t worry, the references will be limited. After all, this is a post about the Ahwahnee, not about Disney!
The building of the Ahwahnee was a bit contentious, with Yosemite’s concessionaires (yes, plural) having different opinions on how the hotel should look.
Underwood’s original concept art showed a massive six story version of the Ahwahnee with a cavernous lobby (I truly wonder whether Disney based its hotels more on this design than the finished product).
On the opposite end of the spectrum, Tresidder wanted a hotel with only one hundred guest rooms that felt like a luxurious country home. While it ended up being an intimate design, that wasn’t always going to be the case. The plans for the Ahwahnee changed at numerous times during its development. Interior designs also changed, and so too did the designers and artists working on the project.
Planned styles ran the gamut: Mayan Revival, Art Deco, Native American, Middle Eastern, and California’s Arts and Crafts style. Ultimately, the Ahwahnee’s finished design bears flashes of each of these inspirations, with Native American being the most dominant.
Due to these disputes, the park concessionaire was plagued with debt upon the hotel’s opening. To boost revenue during the slow winter season, they started what’s now known as the Bracebridge Dinner at Christmas.
Bracebridge Dinner is a high profile show that now attracts a range of guests, from passionate locals to high society, but at the time, it was simply what was needed to keep the Ahwahnee alfoat. For many years, this high-priced event was so popular that a lottery was done to fairly distribute tickets. Oh, and an early cast member: Ansel Adams. Yes, that Ansel Adams!
The Ahwahnee features a ton of Native American art, and this plus its intimacy are the basis for its charm, I think. It’s sort of like El Tovar in this regard, which is another excellent example of parkitecture. Other National Parks do grandiose better, but The Ahwahnee excels because it does feel like a home. It also has a feel of authenticity that is impossible to replicate.
In general, I think this is what gives the National Park lodges their edge. Parkitecture has gone mainstream to some degree, but all other instances of it feel a tad manufactured. At their best, the lodges in the National Parks feel like they are a part of the landscape–authentic representations of the styles they encapsulate, even if those styles actually aren’t authentic even in the lodges.
Here’s where the influence is most obvious. While Wilderness Lodge and Sequoia Lodge are just loosely stylized after aspects of the Ahwahnee (in my opinion, light fixtures are the big thing outside of general concept), and only touches of the interiors of the Disney hotels bear any resemblance to National Park lodges. The exterior of the Ahwahnee reminds me a lot of the interior of the Grand Californian.
While all of the Disney hotels mentioned are basically love letters to historic American National Park lodges, they also each bring something new to the table. I’d say Sequoia Lodge does this the best, as it gives a Frank Lloyd Wright twist to the “parkitecture” style. With that said, Sequoia Lodge is overall the weakest (it’s still an excellent hotel) of the three, as the grandiose lobbies of the Grand Californian and Wilderness Lodge give them a clear edge.
Both are highly derivative of a slew of National Park lodges, but the elements they cherry pick from the various lodges work extraordinarily well together, and the original aspects they bring to the table also work really well. Sequoia Lodge feels more intimate and original, which I suppose arguably makes it the best of the lot.
At some point, we’ll be back with a more thorough photo tour (and perhaps a review if we splurge on staying the night!) of the Ahwahnee. For now, we wanted just wanted to share a look inside of this beautiful U.S. National Park Lodge, offer some of its history, and the Disney connection.
What do you think of any of the hotels mentioned? Do you enjoy the Disney hotels more because of their National Park influence? Do you enjoy the Ahwahnee more because of its familiarity? Share any questions or comments you have below!