When Will Japan Reopen in 2021?

When will Japan lift its travel ban and reopen for international tourists? As a planning site with strategy for visiting Kyoto, Tokyo, and beyond, we’re closely monitoring all advisories, the latest news, and progress. (Updated February 1, 2021.)

Japan’s central government has extended its second “soft” state of emergency until by one month until March 7, 2021. This comes as new cases are declining, but officials are stressing the necessity of vigilance as the medical system continues to be strained. The country is now scrambling to contain new cases while preparing to begin vaccinations later in February 2021.

Meanwhile, the economic impact has been significant, with businesses closing or hit hard by the measures. Public support for policies is dwindling and the clock is ticking on a decision whether to proceed with or postpone the Tokyo Olympics in Summer 2021…

Prior to Japan declaring its first state of emergency, we planned on traveling to Japan for sakura season, staying for a couple of months for research and additions to our Ultimate Guide to Kyoto. These plans were abandoned at the last minute, and we stayed in the United States.

For the last year, we’ve been closely watching the improvements in Japan, hoping for some clarity as to when the country will fully reopen and Japan will begin allowing international tourists to enter once again. We’ve planned two return trips since then, most recently for April 2021. It now seems like that will be cancelled, too.

In terms of current travel advisories, Japan has imposed entry bans on 152 countries including the United States, Canada, all of Europe (including the United Kingdom), and most of Asia. The travel bans are currently in effect indefinitely. Japan has also temporarily suspended visa exemptions, making it necessary to apply for a visa prior to traveling.

Additionally, everyone entering Japan must undergo a mandatory quarantine at a designated location and may not use public transportation for 14 days upon arrival. Most foreigners, including those with residency in Japan or who have been to countries on the entry ban list within 14 days of their arrival in Japan, will be turned away under current border control measures.

In a nutshell, it’s presently impossible to visit Japan unless you are a Japanese citizen or meet one of the few exceptions. That’s probably not going to apply to anyone reading this English language blog post, so let’s turn to what the future holds…

The latest update is more bad news, and updates that jeopardize the reopening plans discussed further down the post. As noted above, Japan has extended the second state of emergency. In so doing, the central government has urged people to stay at home as much as possible, and requested bars and restaurants to close early. Companies are encouraged to allow remote working when possible, and attendance at large events is being capped. Although the measures are more lax, monetary fines for breaking the rules are being instituted for the first time.

While now set to last until March 7, 2021, the state of emergency will be lifted in prefectures that see new cases and hospitalizations improve dramatically will be taken off the list early. Nevertheless, this extension jeopardizes Japan’s border reopening in a couple of different ways.

The ongoing state of emergency hinders athletes’ training for the Tokyo Olympics, due to start on July 23, 2021 following an unprecedented one-year postponement. Many foreign athletes are now unable to reenter Japan, and early qualifying events have already been postponed.

This has further fanned the flames on a debate about whether the Olympics should be held at all. There have been rumors in the last couple of weeks that a cancellation of the Tokyo Olympics is imminent, with the Japanese government having privately concluded that the Tokyo Olympics will have to be cancelled. Per those same rumors, the focus is now on securing the Olympics for Tokyo in the next available year, 2032.

Japan has pushed back, calling these rumors “categorically untrue” in a statement. Japan’s Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga promised “to deliver hope and courage to the world” by hosting the Olympic Games. Per the statement, Japan “is making efforts to accommodate spectators as much as possible, while implementing thorough measures to prevent infection.”

Obviously, a random travel blog is not equipped to assess the veracity of these conflicting statements about the Olympics. Sadly, we don’t have any insiders on the IOC or within high levels of the Japanese government. What we do know is that throughout the last year, Japan has frequently denied and delayed action (or cancellation) until the absolute last possible minute. Moreover, Japan has been incredibly conservative with its borders and foreigners.

However, the Tokyo Olympics are a very big deal to Japan and the country’s economic prospects. Despite the cautious, slow-moving approach elsewhere, Japan will do everything possible not to cancel or postpone the Olympics again. The government is pretty determined to hold the Games if at all possible, without regard for public support.

Accordingly, the future prospects for reopening are largely contingent upon the status of the Olympics. If the Summer Games are cancelled, all bets are off. Anyone reading this will be lucky to reenter Japan before 2022. If the Olympics proceed as scheduled, much of the below analysis remains unchanged.

During the current “soft” state of emergency, the gradual reopening of Japan’s borders has been suspended. Once resumed, foreign residents are allowed to reenter Japan, albeit with quarantine and testing requirements. Reopening Japan’s borders to foreign residents was step one of their phased process.

Also suspended is entry for businesspeople and students from 10 countries including China, Australia, Brunei, New Zealand, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam with which Japan had a special scheme to ease travel restrictions. Allowing extended stay business travelers and international students to return is a necessary prerequisite to bringing back tourists. You can’t run before you walk.

On the vaccine front, things are progressing slowly. Japan’s government still has not given regulatory approval to any of the vaccine candidates. However, the country is stepping up preparations with the decision on whether to approve the vaccine expected in February. Japan has contracts with three US and European pharmaceutical companies for a total of 290 million doses of their vaccines.

Japan plans to give shots to healthcare workers first, beginning in late February 2021. Elderly people will likely start getting inoculated in late March 2021, to be followed by people with underlying health conditions in April 2021. No timeline has been revealed for the general public.

Late last year, Japan unveiled a plan to roll out countermeasures and a travel program set up for international tourists. Once these safety measures are in place, the government plans to lift Japan’s travel ban on foreign tourists on a trial basis. This was announced as beginning in April 2021, but that date has almost certainly been pushed back at least one month.

The proposed health safety measures aim to cover the three steps of a tourist’s “journey” to Japan from arrival to stay to departure. This would be done via the establishment of a health management map and a dedicated “Fever Health Consultation Support Centre.”

In order to visit Japan, foreign tourists would be  required to download the health management app, and will also need to obtain a pre-departure negative test certificate.

Upon entering Japan, the tourist would once again be required to take a rapid PCR test. If the new arrival tests positive after entering Japan, they will be required to take out private medical insurance (or leave).

Those who test negative upon arrival to Japan will not be required to quarantine inside a hotel for 14 days. Instead, they’ll be required to report their health status through the health management app for 14 days after entering Japan.

The Health Center will be set up specifically for overseas visitors to Japan as a way to take the pressure off local governments and avoid overburdening the Japanese health system. The Health Center will likely be established in Tokyo, which makes sense as both the capital and the host city for the Summer Olympics.

Japanese government leaders indicate that the new health safety measures for international tourists will remain in place during and after the Tokyo Summer Olympics as Japan attempts to take incremental and deliberate steps towards reviving Japan’s battered tourism industry.

However, the officials concede that there are still many issues to be resolved before this system is deployed and the ban on foreign tourists is lifted–even on a trial basis. This includes how to ensure the app is used, the number of tourists allowed in during the Olympics, and what limitations will be placed on tourist activities while in Japan.

Given the latest updates and extended restrictions through March 7, 2021, we are skeptical about the timing of this plan. While Japan took several steps forward late last year, those have now been almost entirely undone. As noted above, so much right now is riding on the Olympics.

Without the Tokyo Olympics in the backdrop, Japan may lose all sense of urgency for these reopening procedures. At this point, the clock is ticking on the Tokyo Summer Olympics. While there have been repeated delays and missed target dates for Japan’s reopening, Spring 2021 is the deadline for getting things back on track if the Olympics are to proceed. In order for that to happen, Japan needs at least a couple months of a “soft opening” to test and adjust the new system.

Ultimately, if the system is built and ready to implemented, there’s no reason it couldn’t roll out on a trial basis in May 2021 if things have improved sufficiently. It will just take Japan’s case numbers declining, vaccines starting to be rolled out, and trepidations easing. Although it’s only a few months away, a lot could change in a relatively short amount of time–we’re at the point where there’s light at the end of the tunnel.

Moreover, we are certain–based upon our extensive experiences in the country–that Japan has the resources, ingenuity, and dedication necessary to successfully bring such a system to fruition. The key question at this point is whether there’s the appetite for it. Many of Japan’s decisions–or lack thereof–the last several months have been driven by fear of cultural outsiders and indecisiveness. It does seem like the scales have tipped away from that in the last month, though.

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While Japan’s reopening has occurred in fits and starts thus far, we remain optimistic that a further acceleration will occur. This is predicated upon the country’s economy being beholden to tourism and already in the midst of a worsening recession.

As a partial remedy to this, the Japanese government has attempted to revive its battered tourism industry by paying for residents to go on vacation within the country. Approximately 1.35 trillion yen was earmarked for the “Go To Travel” campaign to jumpstart domestic travel among Japanese residents. However, this is widely viewed as a stopgap measure, and that Japan’s travel-dependent economy will struggle until border restrictions are lifted.

To that end, Japanese leaders have expressed a desire to balance being diligent against spread with considering how to resume international travel. The number of travelers to Japan has plunged in recent months, with visitors down 99.9% year over year in the last several months.

Prior to this year, tourism to Japan has been surging, with several consecutive record setting years. Last year, Japan’s tourism numbers were up to a record 31.9 million visitors. In fact, every single year since 2013 has been a new record for inbound tourism to Japan.

Japan had just 8 million tourists when former Prime Minister Shinzō Abe was elected to his second term. In 7 years, that number more than quadrupled. Some places we like to visit that were once serene or frequently primarily by locals are now often overrun by tourists. (We see the irony in our complaint here.)

Boosting tourism was core to Prime Minister Abe’s economic revitalization, and new Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga has indicated intent to maintain continuity with those economic plansThis makes sense, as increased inbound visitation was one of the biggest success stories of “Abenomics.” The now-delayed Tokyo Olympics were instrumental to these plans, with Japan’s inbound tourism target for last year being 40 million visitors.

Instead, only ~4 million international travelers visited Japan last year. The last ~11 months have seen all-time record lows with only 1,700 to 2,900 international visitors per month. That’s obviously far short of the original 40 million forecast.

Japan has already entered a recession, with the outlook for the next year-plus only looking optimistic if reopening can proceed. Decreased tourism plus falling exports, an increased consumption tax, reduced consumer spending, and growing national debt. Suffice to say, Japan’s economic health is likewise a serious issue, and inbound tourism was previously a bright spot.

Of course, it’s not just about Japan scaling up testing or “needing” more tourists. Questions still remain about how tourism will resume, and how the aforementioned health management plan, centers, and app will work.

Ultimately, it’s important to remember that the Spring 2021 reopening date is very much tentative, and almost every single past target date Japan has released has ended up being postponed. At this point, we do not believe much additional postponing for this plan can occur beyond Spring 2021 if the Tokyo Summer Olympics are still to be held as planned and with spectators.

However, even that’s an “if.” So many unknowns remain, a lot is still in flux, and things change on a weekly basis. It’s still possible that things will worsen, or the Olympics won’t occur as planned. It’s also possible that Japan further accelerates these plans and moves forward the trial entry date for arrivals from select countries.

As such, we recommend Americans, Canadians, and Europeans take a conservative approach when choosing dates for your next trip to Japan. If you’re aiming for sakura season (late March to early April 2021 in most popular spots), that’s definitely overzealous. Our recommendation at this point is the beginning of May 2021 at the absolute earliest. (Avoid Golden Week, which is April 29 to May 5, 2021.)

A better option would be planning for fall foliage season in late November 2021–our favorite time of year in Japan! There’s nothing to say Japan will reopen even by those dates, but it’s a safer bet than sakura season. Either way, we’ll keep watching the news and keep you posted if/when there are further developments about Japan reopening and allowing entry to travelers from the United States, Canada, Europe, and beyond!

If you’re planning a trip to the Japan, check out our other posts about Japan for ideas on other things to do! We also recommend consulting our Ultimate Guide to Kyoto and Ultimate Guide to Tokyo to plan.

Your Thoughts

Would you consider visiting Japan later this year, or is international travel out of the question for you until there’s a vaccine? Are you assuaged at all by the relatively low number of cases in Japan? Is Japan’s mask culture reassuring to you? Any thoughts or tips of your own to add? If you’re planning your trip to Japan, what do you think about these itineraries? Any questions? Hearing your feedback about your experiences is both interesting to us and helpful to other readers, so please share your thoughts or questions below in the comments!

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  1. Tiago Costa
    Tiago Costa says:

    We are from Portugal and we are planning a sort of honeymoon we didn’t had for the Sakura season 2022.
    Right now there are two concerns:
    – Is covid really going to ease-up by the end of 2021? Or will it be another year or two? When covid started nobody tought that in 2021 everybody would still be in lockdowns and such.
    – Even if Japan does open-up how much of the expirience will be changed due to a turism in crisis, places closed and hygienic barriers everywere, including the masks, that can change our perception of people.
    We really want to go, it is a dream for us, but we are very anxious for things to get better.

  2. Julie
    Julie says:

    I hope to visit Japan in late June/early July 2021 after my son finishes studying there. He had to do the 14 day quarantine in late Dec. ’20 & jump through many hoops but after reading this, I’m grateful he was able to get into Japan! He said it seems pretty open now that he’s there.

  3. Aaron
    Aaron says:

    I hope to hear what the Japanese government says about people who already have been vaccinated. I just finished my second dose on Friday. I hope to return to Japan this summer.

    • Kim
      Kim says:

      We plan to go with our kids, so I’m guessing my husband and I will be vaccinated, but they probably won’t be if/when we go since we were aiming for November 2021 or Spring 2022.

  4. Joey
    Joey says:

    Just to confirm, the 14-day quarantine upon arrival does NOT have to be at a designated location if you test negative? For example, it is totally okay to quarantine at a friend’s place?

  5. Shaun
    Shaun says:

    I’m just hoping to hear more updates on allowing in travelers who have been vaccinated or confirmed recovered from Covid. It seems like a good route for minimizing the risk but still allowing in tourists and their money. Once I hear they’ll allow that, finding a vaccination provider will be the next item on my to-do list.

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