When Will Japan Reopen in 2021?

When will Japan lift its travel ban and reopen for international tourists? As a planning site with strategy for visiting Kyoto, Tokyo, and beyond, we’re closely monitoring all advisories, the latest news, and progress. (Updated February 1, 2021.)

Japan’s central government has extended its second “soft” state of emergency until by one month until March 7, 2021. This comes as new cases are declining, but officials are stressing the necessity of vigilance as the medical system continues to be strained. The country is now scrambling to contain new cases while preparing to begin vaccinations later in February 2021.

Meanwhile, the economic impact has been significant, with businesses closing or hit hard by the measures. Public support for policies is dwindling and the clock is ticking on a decision whether to proceed with or postpone the Tokyo Olympics in Summer 2021…

Prior to Japan declaring its first state of emergency, we planned on traveling to Japan for sakura season, staying for a couple of months for research and additions to our Ultimate Guide to Kyoto. These plans were abandoned at the last minute, and we stayed in the United States.

For the last year, we’ve been closely watching the improvements in Japan, hoping for some clarity as to when the country will fully reopen and Japan will begin allowing international tourists to enter once again. We’ve planned two return trips since then, most recently for April 2021. It now seems like that will be cancelled, too.

In terms of current travel advisories, Japan has imposed entry bans on 152 countries including the United States, Canada, all of Europe (including the United Kingdom), and most of Asia. The travel bans are currently in effect indefinitely. Japan has also temporarily suspended visa exemptions, making it necessary to apply for a visa prior to traveling.

Additionally, everyone entering Japan must undergo a mandatory quarantine at a designated location and may not use public transportation for 14 days upon arrival. Most foreigners, including those with residency in Japan or who have been to countries on the entry ban list within 14 days of their arrival in Japan, will be turned away under current border control measures.

In a nutshell, it’s presently impossible to visit Japan unless you are a Japanese citizen or meet one of the few exceptions. That’s probably not going to apply to anyone reading this English language blog post, so let’s turn to what the future holds…

The latest update is more bad news, and updates that jeopardize the reopening plans discussed further down the post. As noted above, Japan has extended the second state of emergency. In so doing, the central government has urged people to stay at home as much as possible, and requested bars and restaurants to close early. Companies are encouraged to allow remote working when possible, and attendance at large events is being capped. Although the measures are more lax, monetary fines for breaking the rules are being instituted for the first time.

While now set to last until March 7, 2021, the state of emergency will be lifted in prefectures that see new cases and hospitalizations improve dramatically will be taken off the list early. Nevertheless, this extension jeopardizes Japan’s border reopening in a couple of different ways.

The ongoing state of emergency hinders athletes’ training for the Tokyo Olympics, due to start on July 23, 2021 following an unprecedented one-year postponement. Many foreign athletes are now unable to reenter Japan, and early qualifying events have already been postponed.

This has further fanned the flames on a debate about whether the Olympics should be held at all. There have been rumors in the last couple of weeks that a cancellation of the Tokyo Olympics is imminent, with the Japanese government having privately concluded that the Tokyo Olympics will have to be cancelled. Per those same rumors, the focus is now on securing the Olympics for Tokyo in the next available year, 2032.

Japan has pushed back, calling these rumors “categorically untrue” in a statement. Japan’s Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga promised “to deliver hope and courage to the world” by hosting the Olympic Games. Per the statement, Japan “is making efforts to accommodate spectators as much as possible, while implementing thorough measures to prevent infection.”

Obviously, a random travel blog is not equipped to assess the veracity of these conflicting statements about the Olympics. Sadly, we don’t have any insiders on the IOC or within high levels of the Japanese government. What we do know is that throughout the last year, Japan has frequently denied and delayed action (or cancellation) until the absolute last possible minute. Moreover, Japan has been incredibly conservative with its borders and foreigners.

However, the Tokyo Olympics are a very big deal to Japan and the country’s economic prospects. Despite the cautious, slow-moving approach elsewhere, Japan will do everything possible not to cancel or postpone the Olympics again. The government is pretty determined to hold the Games if at all possible, without regard for public support.

Accordingly, the future prospects for reopening are largely contingent upon the status of the Olympics. If the Summer Games are cancelled, all bets are off. Anyone reading this will be lucky to reenter Japan before 2022. If the Olympics proceed as scheduled, much of the below analysis remains unchanged.

During the current “soft” state of emergency, the gradual reopening of Japan’s borders has been suspended. Once resumed, foreign residents are allowed to reenter Japan, albeit with quarantine and testing requirements. Reopening Japan’s borders to foreign residents was step one of their phased process.

Also suspended is entry for businesspeople and students from 10 countries including China, Australia, Brunei, New Zealand, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam with which Japan had a special scheme to ease travel restrictions. Allowing extended stay business travelers and international students to return is a necessary prerequisite to bringing back tourists. You can’t run before you walk.

On the vaccine front, things are progressing slowly. Japan’s government still has not given regulatory approval to any of the vaccine candidates. However, the country is stepping up preparations with the decision on whether to approve the vaccine expected in February. Japan has contracts with three US and European pharmaceutical companies for a total of 290 million doses of their vaccines.

Japan plans to give shots to healthcare workers first, beginning in late February 2021. Elderly people will likely start getting inoculated in late March 2021, to be followed by people with underlying health conditions in April 2021. No timeline has been revealed for the general public.

Late last year, Japan unveiled a plan to roll out countermeasures and a travel program set up for international tourists. Once these safety measures are in place, the government plans to lift Japan’s travel ban on foreign tourists on a trial basis. This was announced as beginning in April 2021, but that date has almost certainly been pushed back at least one month.

The proposed health safety measures aim to cover the three steps of a tourist’s “journey” to Japan from arrival to stay to departure. This would be done via the establishment of a health management map and a dedicated “Fever Health Consultation Support Centre.”

In order to visit Japan, foreign tourists would be  required to download the health management app, and will also need to obtain a pre-departure negative test certificate.

Upon entering Japan, the tourist would once again be required to take a rapid PCR test. If the new arrival tests positive after entering Japan, they will be required to take out private medical insurance (or leave).

Those who test negative upon arrival to Japan will not be required to quarantine inside a hotel for 14 days. Instead, they’ll be required to report their health status through the health management app for 14 days after entering Japan.

The Health Center will be set up specifically for overseas visitors to Japan as a way to take the pressure off local governments and avoid overburdening the Japanese health system. The Health Center will likely be established in Tokyo, which makes sense as both the capital and the host city for the Summer Olympics.

Japanese government leaders indicate that the new health safety measures for international tourists will remain in place during and after the Tokyo Summer Olympics as Japan attempts to take incremental and deliberate steps towards reviving Japan’s battered tourism industry.

However, the officials concede that there are still many issues to be resolved before this system is deployed and the ban on foreign tourists is lifted–even on a trial basis. This includes how to ensure the app is used, the number of tourists allowed in during the Olympics, and what limitations will be placed on tourist activities while in Japan.

Given the latest updates and extended restrictions through March 7, 2021, we are skeptical about the timing of this plan. While Japan took several steps forward late last year, those have now been almost entirely undone. As noted above, so much right now is riding on the Olympics.

Without the Tokyo Olympics in the backdrop, Japan may lose all sense of urgency for these reopening procedures. At this point, the clock is ticking on the Tokyo Summer Olympics. While there have been repeated delays and missed target dates for Japan’s reopening, Spring 2021 is the deadline for getting things back on track if the Olympics are to proceed. In order for that to happen, Japan needs at least a couple months of a “soft opening” to test and adjust the new system.

Ultimately, if the system is built and ready to implemented, there’s no reason it couldn’t roll out on a trial basis in May 2021 if things have improved sufficiently. It will just take Japan’s case numbers declining, vaccines starting to be rolled out, and trepidations easing. Although it’s only a few months away, a lot could change in a relatively short amount of time–we’re at the point where there’s light at the end of the tunnel.

Moreover, we are certain–based upon our extensive experiences in the country–that Japan has the resources, ingenuity, and dedication necessary to successfully bring such a system to fruition. The key question at this point is whether there’s the appetite for it. Many of Japan’s decisions–or lack thereof–the last several months have been driven by fear of cultural outsiders and indecisiveness. It does seem like the scales have tipped away from that in the last month, though.

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While Japan’s reopening has occurred in fits and starts thus far, we remain optimistic that a further acceleration will occur. This is predicated upon the country’s economy being beholden to tourism and already in the midst of a worsening recession.

As a partial remedy to this, the Japanese government has attempted to revive its battered tourism industry by paying for residents to go on vacation within the country. Approximately 1.35 trillion yen was earmarked for the “Go To Travel” campaign to jumpstart domestic travel among Japanese residents. However, this is widely viewed as a stopgap measure, and that Japan’s travel-dependent economy will struggle until border restrictions are lifted.

To that end, Japanese leaders have expressed a desire to balance being diligent against spread with considering how to resume international travel. The number of travelers to Japan has plunged in recent months, with visitors down 99.9% year over year in the last several months.

Prior to this year, tourism to Japan has been surging, with several consecutive record setting years. Last year, Japan’s tourism numbers were up to a record 31.9 million visitors. In fact, every single year since 2013 has been a new record for inbound tourism to Japan.

Japan had just 8 million tourists when former Prime Minister Shinzō Abe was elected to his second term. In 7 years, that number more than quadrupled. Some places we like to visit that were once serene or frequently primarily by locals are now often overrun by tourists. (We see the irony in our complaint here.)

Boosting tourism was core to Prime Minister Abe’s economic revitalization, and new Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga has indicated intent to maintain continuity with those economic plansThis makes sense, as increased inbound visitation was one of the biggest success stories of “Abenomics.” The now-delayed Tokyo Olympics were instrumental to these plans, with Japan’s inbound tourism target for last year being 40 million visitors.

Instead, only ~4 million international travelers visited Japan last year. The last ~11 months have seen all-time record lows with only 1,700 to 2,900 international visitors per month. That’s obviously far short of the original 40 million forecast.

Japan has already entered a recession, with the outlook for the next year-plus only looking optimistic if reopening can proceed. Decreased tourism plus falling exports, an increased consumption tax, reduced consumer spending, and growing national debt. Suffice to say, Japan’s economic health is likewise a serious issue, and inbound tourism was previously a bright spot.

Of course, it’s not just about Japan scaling up testing or “needing” more tourists. Questions still remain about how tourism will resume, and how the aforementioned health management plan, centers, and app will work.

Ultimately, it’s important to remember that the Spring 2021 reopening date is very much tentative, and almost every single past target date Japan has released has ended up being postponed. At this point, we do not believe much additional postponing for this plan can occur beyond Spring 2021 if the Tokyo Summer Olympics are still to be held as planned and with spectators.

However, even that’s an “if.” So many unknowns remain, a lot is still in flux, and things change on a weekly basis. It’s still possible that things will worsen, or the Olympics won’t occur as planned. It’s also possible that Japan further accelerates these plans and moves forward the trial entry date for arrivals from select countries.

As such, we recommend Americans, Canadians, and Europeans take a conservative approach when choosing dates for your next trip to Japan. If you’re aiming for sakura season (late March to early April 2021 in most popular spots), that’s definitely overzealous. Our recommendation at this point is the beginning of May 2021 at the absolute earliest. (Avoid Golden Week, which is April 29 to May 5, 2021.)

A better option would be planning for fall foliage season in late November 2021–our favorite time of year in Japan! There’s nothing to say Japan will reopen even by those dates, but it’s a safer bet than sakura season. Either way, we’ll keep watching the news and keep you posted if/when there are further developments about Japan reopening and allowing entry to travelers from the United States, Canada, Europe, and beyond!

If you’re planning a trip to the Japan, check out our other posts about Japan for ideas on other things to do! We also recommend consulting our Ultimate Guide to Kyoto and Ultimate Guide to Tokyo to plan.

Your Thoughts

Would you consider visiting Japan later this year, or is international travel out of the question for you until there’s a vaccine? Are you assuaged at all by the relatively low number of cases in Japan? Is Japan’s mask culture reassuring to you? Any thoughts or tips of your own to add? If you’re planning your trip to Japan, what do you think about these itineraries? Any questions? Hearing your feedback about your experiences is both interesting to us and helpful to other readers, so please share your thoughts or questions below in the comments!

91 replies
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  1. Lissa McGarrett
    Lissa McGarrett says:

    Tom I am close to putting a trip deposit down for Japan that is non refundable for May 2022. The date can be moved but I hate to tie up the money for 2 years if moved. Do you think May 2022 is reasonable for travel from the USA to Japan?

    Reply
    • Tom Bricker
      Tom Bricker says:

      I think May 2022 is reasonable, but I also don’t see an upside to booking anything now.

      Tour companies are going to be desperate for business for years to come as travel trepidations persist. Why not just wait and minimize the risk?

      Reply
  2. Kim
    Kim says:

    Supposed to travel with students in June 2021… still waiting to see if that will happen or not… luckily the company we are going through will give us vouchers if it is canceled

    Reply
  3. Ralph
    Ralph says:

    The family is re-thinking a trip to the US mainland from Hawaii. Originally, we planned on an East Coast adventure but with the surging virus mutations, it was decided that perhaps Japan in early December would be safer and just as enjoyable. With advent of a vaccine imminent, I believe that Japan will welcome visitors that have been inoculated without the onerous quarantine restriction.

    Reply
  4. nopename
    nopename says:

    Locking the borders for over a year is typical japanese racism. They have almost no measures for prevention in their country, everything is open normally. The virus can easily spread within the country but they forbid foreigners to enter. They think only foreigners can spread the virus.
    With a negative PCR test result before and after the flight, there is literally zero risk of importing a case.

    Reply
    • AnthonyP
      AnthonyP says:

      Try Australia – hardly anybody in; hardly anybody out. Anyone who comes in must be a returning Australian or essential worker and must undergo 4 weeks quarantine in a hotel patrolled by security. In contrast, Japan has tried to let in foreign workers and students until the recent outbreak. Japan’s motive is usually to avoid a bad outcome for others. If you travel there and are infected, they will be the ones treating you and helping you to travel when you leave. They do not want a bad outcome for you as much as they don’t want to have to deal with an imperilled tourist. Probably something to do with omotenashi and face. Japan will open up to tourism before Australia. Question is, will there be enough willing to travel?

      Reply
  5. Vivien
    Vivien says:

    Still devastated by our cancelled trip to Japan last March. Avidly keeping tabs as we’re determined to go at some point and honestly maybe the earlier the better before the crowds come roaring back. So fall of 2021? Sakura 2022. Here’s hoping. PS We’ve gotten vaccinated too. Wondering how that will change the equation… Thank you. Will follow.

    Reply
  6. John Strom
    John Strom says:

    The Japanese government should allow those who’ve been vaccinated to enter Japan without restrictions and quarantine only. those without proof of vaccination. If they’re planning on holding the “2020” Olympics this August they need to open while travel is down so that they can ramp up for the hoards that will be coming to the Olympic Games. Much of Asia’s countries can enter Japan now – including China [go figure] which gives the world Influenza every year and COVID-19 last year.

    Reply
  7. Sally Ong
    Sally Ong says:

    I thought now we’re talking about restoration of international flights only in 2024, possibly 2025? Means international travellers won’t be able to enter Japan until 4 or 5 years later. I bet my last dollar the Olympics will be cancelled, and even the Beijing Winter Games and Paris 2024 Games will not be held.

    Reply
  8. Christopher Pineau
    Christopher Pineau says:

    With any luck, if and when Japan opens its borders to tourists again, I’ll be able to return there this year because I miss it dreadfully. I was planning a trip to Osaka last year, but for obvious reasons it fell through. I hope that this year is better for that (and that a vaccination is not necessary since I don’t trust that at all), and for that matter? I hope that airlines lower fares to that end, otherwise they’re going to lose more money and business than they already have. I’m healthy as a horse, as a rule,so fingers crossed!

    Reply
  9. Iona
    Iona says:

    I’m still wishing Japan will reopen borders even slightly to people on a tourist visa in April and will definitely even buy a literal last minute ticket to go there.
    I don’t even care for tourism at this point, I just wish to be reunited with my soon to be fiancé after almost a year and a half of ot being able to see each other…
    So I definitely hope Japan will take partners of Japanese citizens in consideration if there’s to be a trial period for regular travelers this spring.
    I’ll keep on following your updates, thank you so much for keeping people posted!

    Reply
    • Anthony01
      Anthony01 says:

      Similar situation here. It’s been over a year my Japanese wife and I have been unable to meet. It turns out the virus has hit soon after we got married, which means that I didn’t have time to become a resident before Japan closed its borders. I wish the Japanese government showed more flexibility regarding situations like this. It’s very tough. Being separated from your wife for over a year doesn’t even qualify for special circumstances. Thankfully in the meantime I got the CoE for a 3-year visa, but I can’t get the visa until Japan reopens.

      Reply
  10. Kotaro
    Kotaro says:

    Thanks for the article-no new news but it’s a useful and clear-eyed recap of the way things stand right now. I usually visit Japan twice a year for work and family and it was tough to skip that in 2020 so I certainly hope that the target dates you mention will see real change but I share your caution, since the Japanese government has been nothing if not incompetent in managing this crisis, and the relatively (by US or European standards) “good” numbers in terms of infection are to the credit of the general population, not the authorities.

    I now advise my clients to avoid planning travel to Japan before the fall. I used to be hold out hope for the summer using the same Olympic logic as you but the constant government dithering is not encouraging, and I’m afraid Japan’s current epidemic upsurge will nix any realistic reopening for several months. What I know from my contacts is that there is no domestic constituency pushing for a reopening outside of the hospitality/travel industry.

    Reply
  11. Ralton
    Ralton says:

    I am planning to travel to Japan for 6 days in September 2021. I am hoping by then that tourists will be allow in by producing a negative COVID test and/or proof of vaccination. I am keeping my fingers crossed that we will be able to go.

    Reply
  12. George Joachim
    George Joachim says:

    I was planning a visit in April 2021 but have now postponed it to July 2021 with lingering doubt that even that could be possible. I was planning it for Tokyo in April but have now changed it to Osaka/Kyoto in July due to the Olympics. I am hopeful that July would be doable.

    Reply
  13. Martha
    Martha says:

    For 3 years I’ve been planning a trip for mid to late April 2021. I’m still holding out hope my small family of 3 will get to go! I certainly think their bowing/masking/caring more for others’ wellbeing culture has helped keep their case count far below ours (US). When this first happened, my friends were surprised to hear that I still wanted to go, expecting the outbreak to be worse in Japan. Obviously, I was right in my thinking – they would be in a better position to manage the crisis. I’m just hoping, now, that my country can get it together, so I can travel again! 🙂

    Reply
  14. Janelle
    Janelle says:

    Thank you for the insightful article! We are planning a trip in Oct/Nov 2021. And even then I thought that might be over zealous but after reading this I’m a little more hopeful that we can go there at that time. I would feel extremely safe in Japan especially compared to where we live right now (US). I think the mask culture and overall consideration in Japan for making sure it’s safe to have foreigners visit before opening the borders is wonderful. We also plan on taking the vaccine when it is available.

    Reply
  15. CaliKris
    CaliKris says:

    We are planning a trip to Japan for mid to late May 2021. We are very hopeful that Japan will be open and safe. We have read that most Japanese plan to be vaccinated by April, and we are not concerned about mask compliance or sanitization measures in Japan. We are planning to visit Tokyo, Disney, Kyoto, Osaka and Universal Japan. The health app and covid testing sound like solid ideas. We are crossing our fingers and optimistic that we will be traveling again soon. Thanks for the update, Tom!

    Reply
  16. Sir John
    Sir John says:

    Very interesting post, so thank you very much, and looking for one additional piece in the equations which is the vaccine and perhaps a vaccine passport which is being considered by many countries. We plan to take one of the vaccines in January and still considering which one.

    Reply
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